Museo Nacional de Antropologia

by Joelle
The Museo Nacional de Antropología (MNA, or National Museum of Anthropology) is a national museum of Mexico. It is the most visited museum in Mexico and around the world.
Located in the area between Paseo de la Reforma and Calle Mahatma Gandhi within Chapultepec Park in Mexico City, the museum contains significant archaeological and anthropological artifacts from the pre-Columbian heritage of Mexico, such as the Piedra del Sol (the “Stone of the Sun” or Aztec calendar stone) and the 16th-century Aztec statue of Xochipilli.Designed in 1963 by Pedro Ramírez Vázquez, Jorge Campuzano and Rafael Mijares, it has an impressive architecture with exhibition halls surrounding a patio with a huge pond and a vast square concrete umbrella supported by a single slender pillar (known as “el paraguas”, Spanish for “the umbrella”) around which splashes an artificial cascade. The halls are ringed by gardens, many of which contain outdoor exhibits. The museum has 23 rooms for exhibits and covers an area of 79,700 square meters (almost 8 hectares) or 857,890 square feet (almost 20 acres).

Opened in 1964 by President Adolfo López Mateos, the museum has a number of significant exhibits, such as the Stone of the Sun (depicted below), giant stone heads of the Olmec civilization that were found in the jungles of Tabasco and Veracruz, treasures recovered from the Maya civilization, at the Sacred Cenote at Chichen Itza, a replica of the sarcophagal lid from Pacal’s tomb at Palenque and ethnologicaldisplays of contemporary rural Mexican life. It also has a model of the location and layout of the former Aztec capital Tenochtitlan, the site of which is now occupied by the central area of modern-day Mexico City itself.

The museum also hosts visiting exhibits, generally focusing on other of the world’s great cultures. Past exhibits have focused on ancient Iran, Greece, China, Egypt, Russia, and Spain.

It is a common misconception, even among Mexicans, that the museum’s full name is the National Museum of Anthropology and History. Its official name is simply the National Museum of Anthropology. There is another corporation, the National Museum of History which is located in the nearby Chapultepec Castle, but it is a different museum altogether. The former focuses on pre-Columbian Mexico and modern day Mexican ethnography. The latter focuses on the Viceroyalty of New Spain and its progress towards modern Mexico, up to the 20th Century.

However, the official administrative body that manages both museums (and many other national and regional museums) is the National Institute of Anthropology and History (Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia). Find below a few images form my last visit and enjoy!

 

Joelle’s Picks:

Bienvenidos Museo Nacional de Antropología

Collyns Mexico City Anthropology Museum tumblr_mjq6a5kAeG1rjbumlo7_1280 tumblr_mjq6a5kAeG1rjbumlo1_1280 OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA IMG_6942 Statue_of_Xochipilli_(From_the_National_Museum_of_Anthropology,_Mexico_City) anthropology_museum_mexico_city_036187 7252523940_315ac0b8ce_o IMG_6967 IMG_6947 IMG_6957 IMG_6961 IMG_6968 IMG_6950 p1290272 IMG_6962

 

IMG_6969 IMG_6970 IMG_6971 IMG_6972 IMG_6973 IMG_6982 IMG_6991 Things-to-do-on-Holidays-in-Mexico-City6 anthropology_museum_mexico_city_381325 anthropology_museum_mexico_city_584306 anthropology_museum_mexico_city_908120 images

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